Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles
Komisarow, S. and Pakhtigian, E. L. (2021). The Effect of Coal-Fired Power Plant Closures on Emergency Department Visits for Asthma-Related Conditions Among 0- to 4-Year-Old Children in Chicago, 2009-2017. American Journal of Public Health, 111(5). 881-889. (DOI)
Aziz, S., Pakhtigian, E. L., Akanda, A. S., Jutla, A., Huq, A., Alam, M., Ashan, G. U., and Colwell, R. R. (2021). Does improved risk information increase the value of cholera prevention? An analysis of stated vaccine demand in slum areas of urban Bangladesh. Social Science and Medicine. 113716. (DOI)
Pakhtigian, E. L., Jeuland, M., Dhaubanjar, S., and Pandey, V. P. (2020). Balancing intersectoral demands in basin-scale planning: The case of Nepal's western river basins. Water Resources and Economics. 100152. (DOI)
Pakhtigian, E. L., Jeuland, M., Bharati, L., and Pandey, V. P. (2019). The role of hydropower in visions of water resources development for rivers of Western Nepal. International Journal of Water Resources Development. 1-28. (DOI)
Pakhtigian, E. L., and Jeuland, M. (2019). Valuing Environmental Quality: Evidence from Western Nepal. Ecological Economics, 158. 158-167. (DOI)
Pattanayak, S. K., Pakhtigian, E. L., and Litzow, E. (2018). Through the looking glass: Environmental health economics in low and middle income countries. Handbook of Environmental Economics, Volume 4. (DOI)
"Collective action for sanitation: Evidence from experimental games in rural India" with S.K. Pattanayak. (Under review).
Selected Work in Progress
"Where there's fire, there's smoke: Forest fire emissions, behavior, and health" (Draft)
Abstract: Ambient air pollution is a leading contributor to mortality and morbidity, particularly in low and middle-income countries, yet there is little evidence of the causal links between ambient air pollution exposure and respiratory health over time. This paper estimates the effects of both spikes in ambient air pollution as well as exposure over time on behavior and health outcomes by leveraging variation in pollution resulting from emissions from forest fires in Indonesia between 1996 and 2015. I combine micro data from the Indonesian Family Life Survey with daily, satellite-derived air pollution measures to generate 19-year individual and household panels. Using these data, I estimate the immediate effects of an unexpectedly severe forest fire season in 2015 on behavior and health. I find an increase in demand for kerosene and vehicle fuel among the most-exposed households as well as a 6 percent decrease in lung capacity among emissions-affected children. I extend my analysis across the panel using an instrumental variables approach to estimate the effect of average exposure over time on behavior and health. I find that households facing higher average ambient air pollution exposures are more likely to utilize clean cooking fuels such as LPG. Further, I find that a one standard deviation increase in average ambient air pollution over time causes an 8 percent reduction in lung capacity and is associated with increased incidence of asthma. I conclude by estimating one aspect of the productivity costs of ambient air pollution exposure and contextualize these losses in in the growing global threat of forest fire activity exacerbated by climate change, finding that reductions in lung capacity caused by ambient air pollution exposure are associated with a 2-3 percent decline in annual earnings.
Policy Reports, Blogs, and Other Writing
"Why are the new climate normals abnormal?" (2021). Penn State Institutes for Energy and the Environment Blog.
"Collective action for environmental health: Evidence from sanitation in rural India" with S.K. Pattanayak. (2021). Ideas for India.
“Balancing economic and conservation objectives related to water resources in western Nepal” with M. Jeuland. (2020). Global Water Forum.
“New Data and Technologies are Transforming Energy Access–Public Policy Must Catch Up” with J. Phillips and M. Jeuland. (2020). Next Billion.
“The energy access dividend in Haiti and Honduras” with N. C. Marzolf, E. Burton, M. Jeuland, S. K. Pattanayak, J. Phillips, C. E. Singer, H. Taylor, M. C. M. Hallack, J. Cuervo and C. Jacome. (2019). Inter-American Development Bank.
“Chapter 2.1 Status and Trends–Drivers of Change” [Contributing author] in Intergovernmental Science–Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. (2019).